2014 Spring Flower Fair Herbs

 

ANISE
Pimpinella anisum
Annual, 2’, full sun
Flowers resemble Queen Anne’s lace, “catnip for dogs”, seeds are used in baked and confectionary goods, fresh chopped leaves used in soups, stews, sauces and salads, best known for flavoring liqueurs such as anisette.

BASIL, BLUE SPICE
Ocimum basilicum ‘Blue Spice’
Annual, 16” – 24”, full sun
Not blue, looks like Thai basil with purple stems and flowers.  Spicy flavor with a hint of vanilla.  Flowers mid-summer to early fall, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, CINNAMON
Ocimum gratissimum
Annual, 24”, full sun
From Mexico.  Similar to sweet basil with a distinctive cinnamon taste and scent.  Purple-red stalks, pinkish flowers and glossy dark green leaves.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, DOLLY New!
Ocimum basilicum 'Dolly'
Annual, 14”, full sun
In a trial, Dolly produced 15% more fresh herb than the next most productive variety, and 50% more than standard Genovese varieties. Very uniform, large leaved and fast growing. Has improved tolerance against low temperatures. Fusarium Wilt resistant.  Leaf color is a little lighter than other varieties.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, FINISSIMO VERDE A PALLA New!
Ocimum basilicum
Annual, 10”, full sun
A bush basil, it forms a globe shape.  Great in containers.  Leaves are very small, thin, and strongly scented.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, GENOVESE
Ocimum basilicum ‘Genovese’
Annual, 18” – 24”, full sun
Heirloom.  Intensely scented, used in pesto, leaves can be frozen for use in winter.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, HOLY
Ocimum sanctum
Annual, 8” – 12”, full sun
Grown in houses, gardens and near temples all over India.  Clove-scented leaves are used in salads and other cold dishes.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching

BASIL, ITALIANO CLASSICO New!
Ocimum basilicum
Annual, 18” – 24”, full sun
Also known as basilico genovese. Leaves are of average size, very shiny, heavily ribbed and pointed. The heavy yields of fragrant foliage are truly classical Italian.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, LEMON
Ocimum basilicum
Annual, 10” – 16”, full sun
Intense lemon fragrance, ideal for tea and potpourri, flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, LIME
Ocimum basilicum
Annual, 12”, full sun
Citrusy flavor and scent.  Used in pesto, fish, salads, vinegars and desserts.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, NAPOLETANO
Ocimum basilicum
Annual, 14” – 16”, full sun
Spicy, traditional basil flavor. Leaves are up to 4" long and tend to be lighter in color than other pesto types.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, OSMIN PURPLE
Ocimum basilicum ‘Osmin’
Annual, 20”, full sun
Darkest of the purple basils.  Excellent for seasoning and for basil vinegar which turns a beautiful red color.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, PERSIAN New!
Ocimum basilicum
Annual, 18” – 24”, full sun
Known as Reyhan in southwestern Asia, used in Iranian (Persian) cooking.  Tastes like a cross between Thai basil and lemon basil.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, PESTO PERPETUO
Ocimum basilicum citriodorum
Annual, 48”, full sun
Columnar plant with variegated leaves.  Non-flowering.  Flavor similar to Genovese basil.  More drought tolerant and cold tolerant than most basils.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, PROFUMO  New!
Ocimum basilicum
Annual, 12’ – 18”, full sun
Compact Genovese-type basil.  Has a true, clean flavor and spirited aroma.  Mounding plants are dense with brilliant green oval leaves for many harvests throughout the season. Exhibits notable disease resistance.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, PURPLE RUFFLES
Ocimum basilicum ‘Purple Ruffles’
Annual, 15”, full sun
Large heavily ruffled and fringed dark purple leaves and pinkish-purple flowers, adds color to salads and herbal vinegars.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, SIAM QUEEN THAI
Ocimum basilicum
Annual, 2 ½’ – 3’, full sun
Spicy anise-licorice aroma and flavor.  Use in Thai green curries and Vietnamese noodle soups, AAS winner 1997, flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching

BASIL, SUPERBO
Ocimum basilicum ‘Superbo’
Annual, 16”, full sun
Specifically bred for pesto, improved variety of Genovese basil, flowers late, pinch to encourage branching

BASIL, SWEET
Ocimum basilicum
Annual, 12” – 18”, full sun
Prized for pesto.  Also used with tomatoes and mild-flavored vegetables such as squash.  Excellent with meats like veal and lamb.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.

BAY LAUREL
Laurus nobilis
Perennial, tree, full sun
Not hardy in NJ.  Source of bay leaves used in cooking.  Pick the largest leaves and dry them, then store in a cool, dry place that gets no light.  Remove leaves before serving.

BORAGE
Borago officinalis   
Annual, 18” – 24”, full sun
Attracts bees and other beneficials.  Light blue flowers.  Good companion plant for tomatoes and squash.  Flowers and leaves used in teas and salads, and can be frozen into ice cubes for later use.

CATNIP
Nepeta cataria
Perennial, 2’ – 3’, full sun to partial shade
Tolerates dry conditions.  Used to make a soothing tea for people.  Leaves, either fresh or dried, induces euphoria in cats

CHIVES, COMMON
Allium schoenoprasum
Perennial, 10” – 16”, full sun
Attracts beneficial insects.  Purple flowers can be used in salads for color and flavor

CILANTRO
Coriandrum sativum
Annual, 2’ – 3’, full sun
Attracts beneficial insects.  Staple ingredient in salsa and other Mexican dishes.  Leaves, roots and seeds (coriander) are edible.  Coriander can be used whole or ground in curries, Oriental dishes, and savory baked goods.

CILANTRO, SANTO
Coriandrum sativum ‘Santo’
Annual, 12” – 24”, full sun
Bolt resistant strain.  Attracts beneficial insects.  Staple ingredient in salsa and other Mexican dishes.  Leaves, roots and seeds (coriander) are edible.  Coriander can be used whole or ground in curries, Oriental dishes, and savory baked goods.

CULANTRO
Eryngium foetidum
Annual,   part shade
Also known as Mexican coriander.  Used in Caribbean cooking and Southeast Asian cooking.  Pinch off flowers to encourage leaf production and to prevent the leaves from becoming tough.  Usually used dried.

CORIANDER
See Cilantro.  For Mexican coriander, see Culantro

CUMIN
Cuminum cyminum
Annual, 1’ - 1 ½’, full sun
Important in many international cuisines, including India and Mexico.  Used in soups, cake, bread, cheese, and as an ingredient of commercial curry powders.

CURRY
Helichrysum italicum
Perennial, 2', full sun
Perennial in zones 8-11, not hardy in NJ.  Curry scented foliage.  Essential oil is used to enhance fruit flavors in confections and perfumes.  NOT EDIBLE!  Ornamental use only.

DILL, DUKAT
Anethum graveolens
Annual, 18” – 24”, full sun
Attracts beneficial insects. Sweetest of all dills

DILL, FERNLEAF
Anethum graveolens
Annual, 18”, full sun,
Attracts beneficial insects.  Dwarf variety, grows well in containers, AAS winner 1992

 EPAZOTE 
Chenopodium ambrosoides
Annual, 2’- 4’, full sun
Highly esteemed in Mexico and Guatemala for seasoning corn, black beans, mushrooms, fish and shellfish.

EUCALYPTUS
Eucalyptus cinerea
Perennial, tree, full sun
Not hardy in NJ.  Silvery rounded leaves are used by florists for arrangements, can be grown indoors with occasional pruning to maintain a manageable size.  Powerful insect repellent for both humans and animals.

FENNEL, BRONZE
Foeniculum vulgare dulce
Perennial, 3’ – 4’, full sun to partial shade
Nectar plant for the swallowtail butterfly.  Lacy foliage with a bronze cast.  Does not form an edible bulb.  Use as a garnish or add to salads.

FENNEL, GREEN 
Foeniculum vulgare 'Green'
Perennial, 24” – 36”, full sun to partial shade
Nectar plant for the swallowtail butterfly.  Lacy green foliage.  Does not form an edible bulb.  Use as a garnish or add to salads.
FENNEL, ZEFA FINO
Foeniculum vulgare azoricum
Perennial, 2’, full sun to partial shade
Nectar plant for the swallowtail butterfly.  Heirloom, Slightly elongated, flat bulbs with sweet anise flavor.  Foliage can also be used in salads or in cooking.  More resistant to bolting than other varieties.

FEVERFEW
Tanacetum parthenium
Perennial, 24” – 36”, full sun to partial shade
Camphor odor repels insects.  Small daisy-like flowers, do not plant near vegetables.

HYSSOP
Hyssopus officinalis
Perennial, 1' – 2', full sun to partial shade
Attracts bees, butterflies and hummingbirds.  Spikes of blue flowers.  Refreshing aromatic scent.  Leaves used in salads, game meats, soups and stews.  Essential oil used in perfumes.

LAVENDER, FRED BOUTIN
Lavandula x  intermedia ‘Fred Boutin’
Perennial, 20”, full sun, tolerates dry conditions
Forms low dense clumps of woolly-silver, almost white, leaves, with violet flowers on branched stalks.

LAVENDER, FRENCH
Lavandula candicans ‘Dentata’
Perennial, 36”, full sun, drought tolerant
Not hardy in NJ.  Blooms longer than Spanish lavenders.  Not usually used as a culinary lavender.  Light purple flowers.

LAVENDER, GOODWIN CREEK
Lavandula  hybrid ‘Goodwin Creek’
Perennial, 24’ – 36”, full sun, drought tolerant
Not hardy in NJ.  One of the most ornamental cultivars.  Use in potpourri, sachets, flower arrangements.  Does well indoors.  Dark purple flowers.

LAVENDER, GROSSO
Lavandula x intermedia ‘Grosso’
Perennial, 30”, full sun, tolerates dry conditions
Violet flowers, strong scent

LAVENDER, KEW RED
Lavandula stoechas 'Kew Red'
Perennial, 12” – 24”, full sun, drought tolerant
Not hardy in NJ.  A variety of Spanish lavender.  Pineapple shaped blooms bracts at the top.  The blooms remain more compact with the plant itself instead of growing in spikes.  Fuchsia colored blooms with pink bracts on top.

LAVENDER, MUNSTEAD
Lavandula angustifolia ‘Munstead’
Perennial, 12” – 18”, full sun, tolerates dry conditions
Flowers lavender-blue, bluer and earlier than most.

LAVENDER, OTTO QUAST
Lavandula stoechas 'Otto Quast'
Perennial, 20” – 28”, full sun, drought tolerant
Not hardy in NJ.  Rich royal purple flowers with light purple bracts at the top on spikes above gray-green foliage.  One of the showiest lavenders in the garden, it doesn't have the same fragrance as other lavender varieties. The fragrance smells like a cross between a lavender and rosemary.

LAVENDER, PHENOMENAL New!
Lavendula x intermedia 'Phenomenal'
Perennial, 24” – 32”, full sun
One of the hardiest lavenders seen throughout Europe and the United States, 'Phenomenal' has exceptional winter survival, as it does not have the winter die back that other varieties like Munstead and Hidcote commonly demonstrate.  Is resistant to common root and foliar diseases.
Most commonly popular for its silvery foliage and consistent growth with uniform mounding habit. Perfect for fresh and dried arrangements and oil uses.

LAVENDER, RUFFLES BOYSENBERRY New!
Lavandula stoechas ‘Boysenberry Ruffles’
Perennial, 20” – 23”, full sun
Not hardy in NJ.  Grown for the colorful ruffled blooms, early and repeat blooming and improved heat, humidity and drought tolerance. It produces fragrant light-green leaves forming a bushy, evergreen mound and unusual chubby, lilac-purple spikes waving petals from the top.

LAVENDER, TIARA
Lavandula stoechas ‘Tiara’
Perennial, 18”, full sun, tolerates dry conditions
Not hardy in NJ.  Compact plants with deep blue flower heads topped with cream bracts.  Flowers are highly scented.  Good for drying.

LEMON BALM
Melissa officinalis
Perennial, 2’,  full sun to partial shade
Attracts bees.  Can be used as a tea or use fresh, chopped leaves in salads, soups and stews.  When crushed and rubbed on the skin, makes an effective insect repellent. 

LEMON GRASS
Cymbopogon citrates
Annual, 3’ – 5’, full sun
Used in Thai and Vietnamese dishes to flavor fish, soups, curries and sauces, makes a tea that is drunk hot or cold

LEMON VERBENA
Aloysia triphylla
Perennial, 5', full sun
Not hardy in NJ.  Dried leaves used to make a delicious lemon-lime tea.  Fresh or dried leaves used with fish, poultry, marinades, salad dressings, jams and puddings.  Excellent container plant.

LOVAGE
Levisticum officinale
Perennial, 5’, full sun to partial shade, tolerates dry conditions
Greenish yellow flowers, Leaves, stems and seeds taste like celery.  Used in soups and salads.

MARJORAM, GOLD TIP
Origanum vulgare ‘Gold Tip’
Annual, 16”, full sun
Dark green leaves with brilliant golden-yellow tips, lavender-pink flowers.  Used in soups, sauces, stuffings and stews.  Plant loses its variegation if grown in partial shade.

MARJORAM, SWEET
Origanum majorana
Annual, 12” – 24”, full sun
Sweeter and milder than oregano, used in soups, sauces, stuffings and stews.  Use plant tops to dye wool in shades of yellow, orange, brown and grey.

MEXICAN CORIANDER
See Culantro

MEXICAN MINT MARIGOLD
Tagetes lucida
Annual, 18” – 36”, full sun, drought tolerant
Dried leaves are used as a tarragon substitute for flavoring soups, sauces etc. A pleasant anise-flavored tea, popular in Latin America, is brewed using the dried leaves and flowering tops. The petals are used as a condiment.  Also used in Day of the Dead celebrations. A yellow dye can be obtained from the flowers.  The dried plant is burnt as an incense and to repel insects.

MINT, APPLE
Mentha suaveolens
Perennial, 1 ½' to 2', full sun to partial shade
Sometimes called Woolly Mint.  Smells like apples.  The leaves can be used to make apple mint jelly, as well as flavoring in dishes such as apple mint couscous.  It is also often used to make a mint tea, as a garnish, or in salads.

MINT, BANANA
Mentha arvensis
Perennial, 12”, full sun to partial shade
Nectar flower for small butterflies.  Chartreuse foliage.  Smells like bananas. 

MINT, CHOCOLATE
Mentha x piperita piperita
Perennial, 2’, full sun to partial shade
Nectar flower for small butterflies.  Smells like peppermint patties

MINT, GRAPEFRUIT  New!
Mentha x piperita ‘Grapefruit’
Perennial, 18” – 24”, full sun to partial shade
Nectar flower for small butterflies.  Taste resembles spearmint with a twist of unsweetened grapefruit.

MINT, ORANGE
Mentha piperita ‘Citrata’
Perennial, 24”, full sun to partial shade
Nectar flowers for small butterflies.  Intense orange fragrance.  Spicier and stronger than most mints. It is used in teas.

MINT, SPEARMINT
Mentha spicata
Perennial, 36”, full sun to partial shade
Best cooking mint.  Exellent with carrots, peas and potatoes, and for making mint sauces for roast lamb.

MINT, VARIEGATED PINEAPPLE
Mentha suaveolens ‘Variegata’
Perennial, 2’, full sun to partial shade
Decorative herb with sweet fruity scent

MOUNTAIN MINT
Pycnanthemum virginianum
Perennial, 3’, full sun to partial shade
Native plant with white flowers that attracts bees, butterflies and other beneficial insects.  Used in potpourri and incense.

OREGANO
Origanum vulgare
Perennial, 1’ – 2’, full sun
Host plant for butterflies.  Strong flavor, similar to sweet marjoram

OREGANO, GREEK 
Origanum vulgare hirtum
Perennial, 1’, full sun
True oregano collected wild in the mountains of Greece.  White flowers, very hardy.  Excellent flavor.

OREGANO, HOT & SPICY
Origanum vulgare 'Hot & Spicy'
Perennial, 3', full sun
Intense strong flavor.  Tiny dark green leaves with white flowers.  Prune to encourage branching.

OREGANO, KENT BEAUTY
Origanum ‘Kent Beauty’
Perennial, 1’, full sun
Ornamental oregano, trailing branches with attractive pink or purple flower bracts.  Flowers can be dried and used in dried arrangements.

PARSLEY, ITALIAN FLAT LEAF
Petroselinum crispum neapolitanum
Biennial, 18”, full sun to partial shade
Host plant for butterflies.  Dark green, glossy leaves, strong flavor

ROSEMARY, ARP
Rosmarinus officinalis ‘Arp’
Perennial, 5’, full sun
Perennial in zones 7-10, may survive in NJ with protection.  Foliage is gray-green with good flavor and aroma.  Flavor harmonizes with poultry, fish, lamb, beef, veal, pork, and game.  Enhances tomatoes, spinach, peas, mushrooms, squash, cheese, eggs, and lentils.  Complements the herbs chives, thyme, chervil, parsley, and bay in recipes.

ROSEMARY, HILL HARDY
Rosmarinus officinalis ‘Hill Hardy’
Perennial, 2’ – 3’, full sun
Perennial in zones 7-10, may survive in NJ with protection.  Used same as Arp.

 

ROSEMARY, TUSCAN BLUE New!
Rosmarinus officinalis
Perennial, 6’, full sun
Perennial in zones 7-10, may survive in NJ with protection.  Foliage is gray-green with good flavor and aroma.  Flowers are dark blue.  Flavor harmonizes with poultry, fish, lamb, beef, veal, pork, and game.  Enhances tomatoes, spinach, peas, mushrooms, squash, cheese, eggs, and lentils.  Complements the herbs chives, thyme, chervil, parsley, and bay in recipes.

SAGE, BERGGARTEN
Salvia officinalis ‘Berggarten’
Perennial, 18”, full sun
Used like Garden Sage, has broader leaves which can be breaded and fried or used to wrap other foods and then cooked.

SAGE, GOLDEN
Salvia officinalis ‘Aurea’
Perennial, 18”, full sun
Not hardy in NJ.  Leaves edged with chartreuse-yellow, perennial in zones 7 – 9.

SAGE, HONEY MELON New!
Salvia elegans 'Honey Melon'
Annual, 2’ – 3’, full sun
Not hardy in NJ.  Attracts hummingbirds and butterflies.  Has a stunning honeydew melon scent.  Brilliant red flowers.  Use for drinks, chicken, cheese and in jams and jellies.  Pinch to keep bushy.

SAGE, PINEAPPLE
Salvia elegans
Annual, 3’ – 4’, full sun
Not hardy in NJ.  Attracts hummingbirds and butterflies.  Fabulous pineapple scent.  Brilliant red flowers.  Use for drinks, chicken, cheese and in jams and jellies.  Pinch to keep bushy.

SAGE, PINEAPPLE ‘GOLDEN DELICIOUS’
Salvia elegans ‘Golden Delicious’
Annual, 12” – 24”, full sun
Not hardy in NJ.  Attracts hummingbirds and butterflies.  Fabulous pineapple scent.  Brilliant chartreuse foliage. Red Flowers may appear late in the season or not at all. Grown mainly for its foliage. 

SAVORY, WINTER
Satureja Montana
Perennial, 6” – 12”, full sun
Strong, pungent, piney flavor, attractive low bush for borders and edgings, used with strong game meats and pâtés.

STEVIA
Stevia rebaudiana
Annual, 2’ – 3’, full sun,
Used as a sweetener.  Leaves may be used fresh or dried for later use.

TARRAGON, FRENCH
Artemisia dracunculus ‘sativa’
Perennial, 3’, full sun
Culinary herb to flavor vinegar, mayonnaise and butter.  Enhances fish, shellfish, pork, beef, lamb, game, poultry and numerous vegetables.  One of the French fines herbes.

THYME
Thymus vulgaris
Perennial, 1’, full sun to partial shade
Nectar flower for small butterflies.  One of the fines herbes used in French cooking.  Also used in bouquet garni.  Small, evergreen, many-branched, aromatic shrub with gray-green leaves and white to pale purple flowers that bloom in summer.

THYME, DOONE VALLEY
Thymus x citriodorus ‘Doone Valley’
Perennial, 3” – 5”, full sun to partial shade
Nectar flower for small butterflies.  Not a cooking thyme.  Leaves and flowers can used as garnish.  Variegated foliage. Lavender-pink flowers attract bees and butterflies.  Scent is stronger than Lemon Thyme.  Ideal for placing along a pathway or between stones in walkway.

THYME, ENGLISH
Thymus vulgaris
Perennial, 15”, full sun or partial shade
Nectar flower for small butterflies.  One of the fines herbes used in French cooking.  Also used in bouquet garni.  Small, evergreen, many-branched, aromatic shrub with gray-green leaves and white to pale purple flowers that bloom in summer.

THYME, FRENCH
Thymus vulgaris
Perennial, 12”, full sun to partial shade
Nectar flower for small butterflies.  One of the fines herebs used in French cooking.  Also used in bouquet garni.  In medieval France, thyme plants were thought to be a home for fairies, and gardeners set aside a little bed of thyme for them.

THYME, LEMON VARIEGATED
Thymus x citriodorus
Perennial, 4” – 12”, full sun to partial shade
Nectar flower for small butterflies.  Small, upright bush, strong lemon scent; used with fish or chicken, also in tea

THYME, MOTHER OF
Thymus thracicus
Perennial, 4”, full sun to partial shade
Nectar flower for small butterflies.  Low mat-forming with either white or rose flowers in July.  Ideal choice for planting between walkway stones or bricks and used as a groundcover.

 

THYME, SPICY ORANGE New!
Thymus x. Spicy Orange
Perennial, 4”, full sun to partial shade
Nectar flower for small butterflies.  The needlelike foliage is aromatic with a light orange scent and flavor. It has pink flowers in summer.  Ideal choice for planting between walkway stones or bricks and used as a groundcover.